SANG Hyang Tegal temple is located at Taro Kaja hamlet, Taro village, Tegallalang subdistrict, Gianyar. Based on historical records such as the Bhuvana Tattva Maharishi Markandeya, the existence of the temple is still associated with the pilgrimage of Maharishi Markandeya with his followers from Jawadwipamandala (Java).
The Sang Hyang Tegal temple is a shrine element and structure of the Agung Gunung Raung temple. It is located amidst the Taro forest where its shrines were first totally refurbished in April-October 1994.
The refurbishment was carried out in the innermost courtyard ranging from the pajenengan shrine, grand pavilion, paselang pavilion to gamelan pavilion. It has compound wall along 100 meters and split gates with peletasan (secondary entrance) becoming the main entrance to the innermost courtyard (uttama mandala) with compound wall along 61 meters. In addition, the refurbishment was also carried out to kitchen building and wantilan hall. In a series with the refurbishment, it has also been organized some rituals such as Mamungkah, Pemelaspasan and Ngenteg Linggih on full moon of the fourth month in Balinese calendar on October 20, 1994.
Meanwhile, coinciding with the Anggarakasih Kulantir on February 5, 2013, was the piodalan or anniversary of the Sang Hyang Tegal temple. Worship to local deity was opened for two days. Implementation of the temple anniversary was worked on by pilgrims of Taro Kaja hamlet.
In the meantime, in terms of its name, the Sang Hyang Tegal has something to do with the agricultural activity of local people in tegalan or moorlands. The temple serves as a sanctum to invoke safety and prosperity for their crops in the agricultural sector. The presence of Sang Hyang Tegal temple has become one of the temples proving the identity of Bali as an agricultural area.
The agricultural sector in Bali is inseparable from the story on the pilgrimage of Maharishi Markandeya in the Island of Bali. According to Jro Mangku Gede Ketut Telaga, the stories related to the presence of Sang Hyang Tegal temple at Taro village were found in the Bhuvana Tattva Maharishi Markandeya palm-leaf manuscript. It was mentioned that after burying pancadatu (five metals serving as foundation) in the area of Mount Agung, Rishi Markandeya along with his followers from Jawadwipamandala arrived in a forest where it was then called Taro village. In the forest, the sage opened the agricultural areas while performing meditation to invoke plants in the form of tubers and fruits that could be planted in the moorlands as well as paradise plants such as rice, cassava, and various food plants and ritual plants.
Later on, Maharishi Markandeya distributed rice field and moorland to his followers. As an expression of his gratitude for the grace received, Maharishi Markandeya built the Sang Hyang Tegal Temple where people venerated the ishta devata of Supreme God in his manifestation as the deity of moorland and rice field. In the Gong Wesi palm-leaf manuscript, the deity venerated in the temple was Goddess Uma.
In the course of time, as the story told by the elders of Taro village, the Sang Hyang Tegal Temple also serves as a sanctum to invoke welfare. Many people come to worship in the temple, not only those working in the agricultural sector, but also those from business community and civil servants. They beg amritha so that their businesses and occupation can run smoothly. (dar)