Griya Sakti Bukit Bangli Temple is one of the dang khayangan temples (a tribute temple to ancient saint) located on Jalan Nusantara, Brahmana hamlet, Cempaga village, Bangli County. The temple perched on Bangli hilltop is estimated to have been established in the seventeenth century BC. History of this temple is inseparable from the story on the pilgrimage of Ida Pedanda Sakti Bawu Rauh. A high priest at Griya Bukit Bangli, Ida Pedanda Putu Oka, explained the existence of the temple venerated by approximately 300 residents of Brahmana hamlet was inseparable from the pilgrimage of Ida Pedanda Sakti Bawu Rauh, also known as Dang Hyang Nirartha.
It was told that Ida Pedanda Sakti Bawu Rauh had five children namely Ida Ler, Ida Lor, Ida Wetan, Ida Kulon and together with his eldest daughter Ida Ayu Swabhawa traveled to Bali from Java. In short, when he arrived at Pulaki, Buleleng, Ida Ayu Swabhawa was left from the entourage of his father. There, Ida Ayu Swabhawa or better known as Ida Ayu Melanting got reunion with God or moksha and she was subsequently venerated by local people by establishing a three-tiered meru shrine.
Meanwhile, it was also told about Ida Pedanda Ketut Buruan also known as Ida Pedanda Sakti Manuaba denoting the son of Ida Ler being managed to build a dam at Tegallalang, Ubud, Gianyar. It could irrigate the local farmland so as to make the Tegallalang region prosperous. His residence is now known as the Griya Sakti Manuaba Temple. Ida Pedanda Manuaba had five children. One of them was Ida Pedanda Bajangan. One day, he asked for the venue for yoga or meditation to his father. When Ida Pedanda Bajangan was tested to perform yoga by his father, his father suddenly saw flames towering up to Mount Kaloka. Since then, Ida Pedanda Bajangan was directed by his father to travel eastward to Mount Kaloka, said Ida Pedanda Putu Oka who is still active in the management of the Hindu Dharma Council of Indonesia (PHDI) of Bangli Chapter.
His pilgrimage was not profiled, but when Ida Pedanda Bajangan arrived on Mount Kaloka, he then saw a three-tiered meru shrine in the west of the mountain. He was then convinced if it was a veneration shrine of Batara Sakti Melanting being equal to the existence of shrine in the Pulaki Temple, Buleleng. Existence of the Melanting Temple has become one of the shrines in the Griya Sakti Bukit Bangli that was originally used as representation shrine of Ida Batara Melanting by Bangli society at that time.
Furthermore, by Ida Batara Melanting, Ida Pedanda Bajangan was given a blessing and advised to occupy the temple area. Griya Sakti Manuaba was eventually destroyed by the repeated attacks of Gusti Ngurah Watu Lepang. Small children of Ida Pedanda Manuaba were then evacuated to his relative namely Ida Pedanda Bajangan at Bukit Bangli. Not long after, Ida Pedanda Manuaba died and his descendants then made a tribute shrine in the form of representation shrine. Since it is very closely related to Griya Sakti Manuaba Temple at Tegallalang in Gianyar, the temple perched on the Bangli hilltop was then named the Griya Sakti Bukit Bangli Temple. Its piodalan or temple anniversary falls on Wraspati (Thursday) Paing Kulantir. Since it is one of the dang khayangan temples, the anniversary of the temple situated in the east of road is always thronged by many pilgrimages, especially the descendants of Ida Batara Bawu Rauh from throughout Bali. (BTN/kmb)