HINDU devotees in Bali and from outside Bali flocked to Besakih Temple, Karangasem, to say prayers on the Ida Batara Turun Kabeh ritual, Tuesday (Mar 26). The ritual was centered in the Penataran Agung Besakih and officiated over by 10 high priests. It lasted for 21 days and will be closed on Tuesday, April 16.
Chairman of the Executive Board of the Central Hindu Dharma Council of Indonesia (PHDI), I Ketut Wiana, said the Ida Batara Turun Kabeh ritual only existed in Besakih Temple. It was organized once a year and fell on full moon of the tenth month in Balinese calendar (Tuesday, Mar 26). After performing the pinnacle of ritual, it was resumed with implementation of mapedanan in Paselang pavilion usually carried out around 03:00 p.m. Wiana added at the ritual every manifestation of God gathered behind the Padma Tiga shrines and then came down to Penataran Agung to give graces to their devotees. At that time, he continued, God gave forth His rays to all devotees. Truly devout people would open their heart to receive His graces.
After obtaining the graces of God, the retired lecturer from the Hindu Dharma Institute (IHDN) Denpasar then suggested people to socialize it in accordance with their respective profession. For example, devotion to God was always protecting the environment and the fellow humans. He asserted, in essence, there were three messages contained in the ritual called the Ida Bhatara Turun Kabeh namely devotion to God, loving one another and caring for the environment. After getting blessing of God, people had to be consistent to present their devotion to the realm of bhur, bhuvah and svah.
According to Wiana, in the Anda Tatwa palm-leaf manuscript, Besakih Temple was the upstream (head) of the Island of Bali. On that account, as the upstream of Bali, Besakih also served as the soul of Bali. Besakih symbolized the lotus of the world which had five functions. Among others, it was the symbol of universe, heaven and hell. “If we truly know the essence of the Vedas, the Besakih Temple actually served as visual teachings of the Vedas,” he concluded. (BTN/015)
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