The Margarana Memorial Park is famous for its historical tourism. The tourist attraction located at Marga Dauh Puri village, Marga subdistrict, Tabanan, was formerly a battlefield in the struggle for the independence of the Republic of Indonesia.
The fighters of Lesser Sunda and troops of Ciung Wenara led by Lieutenant Colonel I Gusti Ngurah Rai struggled all out (puputan) against the Dutch Colonial under the Netherlands-Indies Civil Administration (NICA). The all-out struggle took place on November 20, 1946 in the rice field of Subak Umakaang.
To commemorate the services of the fighters, the area of Subak Umakaang was transformed into a beautiful historic locale. Large and small temples were built along with the names of the fighters who died in the bitter struggle. Aside from Balinese people, there are also fighters from outside Bali and even some were from Japan formerly coalesced into Japanese troop that helped Bali.
Besides, the memorial park is also equipped with a museum storing some objects used by the Ciung Wenara troops in maintaining the independence. There are also an overall Margarana diorama map, statue of I Gusti Ngurah Rai, Debes, Wisnu and Sugianyar. Meanwhile, the other objects on display are traditional weapons, guns used to dismiss the invaders, bags, pictures, paintings and texts related to the struggle.
In the meantime, in front of the temple lie two large buildings called wantilan hall. The wantilan hall located in the east is very sacred and it is believed to be the resting place of I Gusti Ngurah Rai. Visitors wishing to say prayers, camp or just travel are not allowed to put used clothes or dirty objects at the location. Similarly, menstruating woman are not allowed to go into the special room in the wantilan. When violating, visitors must be prepared to bear the risk to be annoyed by the ‘NICA soldiers.’
According to I Wayan Sukana, the officer in charge of the Margarana Memorial Park, many people frequently put into a trance in the building. It happened because they violated the rules. “Some time ago, there were four students from the Udayana University experiencing a trance. In the trance state, they only saw soldiers with guns at hand,” he said. Such incident happened over and over again, so that the students put into a trance one after another. Other than students, it also happened to local communities going up and down at the area. “Having apologized spiritually in the temple, the man having the trance was immediately regaining his consciousness,” he said.
Other than in the resting place, stealing any object existing in the area of the Margarana Memorial Park will also be disturbed burly-bodied soldiers. Formerly, a youth was picking a young coconut without permission. He was frightened and crawled in the field because he saw soldiers armed with rifle. Such incident frequently happened, so that local people remained to believe if in the former battlefield of Ciung Wenara troops, there were still the personnel of the NICA troops. (BTN/015)