Perancak Temple is situated on the southern tip of Jembrana subdistrict, precisely at Perancak village. This temple is one of the Dang Khayangan temples (used to venerated Hindu sage) in Bali. It is closely related to some other similar temples in Jembrana such as the Rambutsiwi, Jati, Prapat Agung and Majapahit Temple.
On the pilgrimage of Danghyang Nirartha or Pedanda Sakti Wawu Rauh from Java to Bali, he should show off his supernatural power against the king ruling the Tanjung Ketapang, Perancak with the title I Gusti Ngurah Rangsasa. According to Jro Mangku Nyoman Sadra, 72, the temple with anniversary falling every Buda Manis (Wednesday) Medangsia was inseparable from the pilgrimage of Danghyang Nirartha to Bali.
Before he came to Jembrana, Perancak or Tanjung Ketapang was already in command by I Gusti Ngurah Rangsasa. When Nirartha arrived at Perancak through the estuary of Perancak directly overlooking the southern sea, the ruler of Perancak, Gusti Ngurah Rangsasa examined the capability of Danghyang Nirartha.
As a new comer, he was asked to comply with the local rules. One of which, he had to worship him manifested through four large stone shrines that existed at the area. At that time, Ngurah Rangsasa asked to struggle while showing off supernatural power and it was met by Danghyang Nirartha.
However, before accomplishing the worship, the stone shrines in use shattered. Ultimately, Ngurah Rangsasa recognized the supernatural power of Nirartha and the imperious character of the Perancak ruler vanished. Later on, Ngurah Rangsasa moved to the north under the hill.
Due to his presence there, local people then named the area Sawe Rangsasa. According to local legend, the word sawe originating from the word sawa or soul refers to Gusti Ngurah Rangsasa, the former ruler of Perancak. So far, within the area of Perancak Temple stands a memorial chamber shrine used to venerate the descendants of Ngurah Rangsasa. Additionally, at the temple entrance of Perancak is set a pair of crocodile statue on the stairs.
According to Jro Mangku Sadra who has been in service for 40 years, the statue described the situation of Perancak estuary at that time where the swamp area was still filled with dozens of crocodiles. (BTN/kmb)