Another historical evidence of Singaraja town is now still standing firmly namely the Segara Temple venerated by 4,887 residents of Buleleng customary village, Buleleng subdistrict. Characteristic of the temple is indicated by design of the entrance gates and the doors were carved with typical ornamental style of Buleleng. Besides, the wall of the entrance gates composed of several round stones neatly arranged gives unique impression to the beachfront temple.
Chief of Buleleng customary village, Nyoman Sutrisna, when met at his residence not long ago said that so far there were no definite evidences regarding the age of the temple located in the heart of Singaraja town. However, in reference to the village bylaw it was known if the temple belonged to khayangan tiga or trinity temple.
Since it was established, the temple was introduced by the King of Buleleng as neo-geological temple. In the passage of time, function of the temple was converted into territorial temple. With the new status as a territorial temple, it became a historical evidence of Buleleng Regency that had become the Lesser Sunda Regency and the birth of Singaraja town. As the time went by, the temple buildings were damaged and renovated in 1846. The renovation itself was made by the royal family of AA Made Karangasem. “The history is pursuant to the village bylaw becoming our legacy. So far, we remain to preserve the temple as trinity temple,” he said.
According to Sutrisna, the bylaw also predetermined the temple anniversary (piodalan) held with the togetherness of residents. Based on the convention (prarem) stipulated, within the period of three years it was held five times small-scale anniversary, while in the same period was held once grandiose anniversary. For the ceremony in the Segara Temple, the residents in charge to prepare everything had been determined. They were taken from the five customary hamlets consisting of the Kampung Baru, Kampung Anyar, Kaliuntu, Bali and Banjar Jawa. Meanwhile, the temple priest officiating over the ceremony was taken from the Buleleng customary village.
“The small-scale temple anniversary is held on ulian Bali or five days before Galungan. Other than worship on the temple anniversary, the worship is also carried out by residents that have just completed burial procession followed by nganyut ritual,” he explained. He added that to maintain the sanitation in the temple environment, a cleanup service was regularly organized before the temple anniversary and a cleanup service done by specified groups.
Aside from doing maintenance, the group also often organized psalmodic activities in the temple. In addition, the Buleleng customary village also hired an attendant to oversee the temple area. “Due to the support of residents and government assistance, the historical legacy we receive is still sustainable to venerate the Lord Vishnu abiding in the temple,” he said.
On the other hand, Sutrisna said that because of the old age and location within the area of Buleleng Harbor attraction, the temple was frequently visited by foreign tourists. In response to this matter, his party did not too question about the temple sanctity because the entrance into the temple had been arranged in a regulation. Temple attendant would recommend visitors to wear scarves and not allow entering for those in temporary impure condition (due to family’s death or menstruation). “Every day, there are some tourists visiting the temple and we have got the rules to follow. Those rules should be complied by outside residents or tourists that will make a visit or say prayers in the temple,” he added. (BTN/kmb)
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