The word taksu (Balinese language) sounds plain and simple. However, for Hindu community in Bali it has a tremendous significance because every single person, place, thing or any entity is also believed to have taksu or invisible energy. For human, the power of this energy will be visible when he is able to turn on and maintain it. Active energy causes people to look good, professional and sometimes it is hard to emulate.
Bali becomes a tourist destination because it has a taksu. Virtually all the arts, cultures and natural beauties have such a positive energy. Believe it or not, the spiritual energy is closely associated with various ceremonies held by Hindu community on this island.
Prof. Dr. I Wayan Dibia, related to this matter, said that taksu had two meanings based on the real and abstract concept. In reality, taksu could be seen from the existence of shrine owned by Hindu community in Bali. Every house compound has a taksu shrine standing in their home yard. The shrine represents taksu geginan (profession).
Hindu community believed that by establishing the shrine all of their activities would be endowed by God’s will. In the shrine, they venerated the Lord Pasupati who gave the life. The artists of dance, puppet, gamelan, oblation maker, builder and other professions adored this shrine to get safety at workplace in accordance with their profession.
In the arts, the context of taksu is closely related to the arts. For example, dancers were dancing on stage when they made movement wholeheartedly so that they looked to have spiritual power. “Taksu is like an energy having been existed inherently within the self of every person. It depends on how people can turn on the taksu,” he said.
How to turn on the taksu? This dance artist explained it could be carried out by exploring the potential and deeply involved in the profession so that one could perform professionally. Someone said to have a taksu especially in the arts could be seen from how far he pursued his profession and animated it. “If one is able to attract the attention of others and make them amazed, he is said to have a taksu,” he said.
On the contrary, explained Dibia, someone was said to have no taksu because he did not explore the potential and did not get involved in it. To maintain the taksu, one had to discover and develop his potential at all times. It should be maintained with honesty and purity because the presence of taksu could provide intellectual and soul power.
“Then, its relation to the Bali Arts Festival (BAF) is that the taksu can give an idea that every cultural and art performance will be based on the sincerity and positive energy being capable of radiating the taksu,” he explained.
I.A. Putri Masyeni as the Subdivision Head of the Arts & Film said that Bali Arts Festival was a medium to introduce the taksu of Bali. The BAF having become a big event was performed with the nuance filled with the arts and cultures. All cultural knick-knacks were nicely displayed through performance, exhibition, competition/parade, workshop and documentary.
The theme taksu raised in the BAF this year was actually a continuous program that had been structured in such a way from previous years. The BAF theme was compiled every five years from 2011 to 2015 with the primary theme called Segara Giri. It was started from the theme Desa Kala Patra, Paras Paros and this year was Taksu. For the next year, the theme would be Kerta Masa, while the next two years would be Jagaditha.
Related to the theme Taksu, the BAF in 2013 came up with the power of creativity and identity as a party with the character and spirit. A total of 60 percent of the performance in the BAF included the art of dance, while the remaining one was self-development. Each region displayed their respective most outstanding creative art as the mascot.
On account of the Taksu, every execution of the BAF was not only witnessed by the local community and outside the region, but also by foreigners. They did not only watch the annual celebration of the arts, but also became the participants displaying their art and cultural creativity.
Unfortunately, the BAF 2013 only involved the participating artists from 4 countries, while in the previous year involved 8-10 countries. Sometimes one country sent four arts troupes. It was unlike the domestic art troupes whose participants were always booming. (BTN/ocha/bud)