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Dalem Bangun Sakti Temple

Dalem Bangun Sakti TempleAdministratively, the Dalem Bangun Sakti Temple is located at Basang Tamiang hamlet, Kapal village, Mengwi subdistrict at the altitude of 60 meters above sea level. Meanwhile, it is geographically located around 3.5 km to the north of Badung Civic Center and about 12 km north of Denpasar. The temple can be reached through the route from Denpasar directly heading for Kapal village by vehicle. Selection of the location for the temple is very specific because it is located in northernmost outskirt of Kapal village, right at T-junction denoting a coordinate point for religious ritual of the surrounding community and considered to have high magical values.
The Dalem Bangun Sakti Temple is the sanctum used to venerate Lord Shiva Segara or Ratu Gede Tengahing Segara. According to the analysis of historian Sutodjo, approximately in the seventh century the title of Lord Shiva Segara was meant to refer to Lord Sada Shiva posing the element of vertical Trinity. It is said that in ancient times there was a sacred building supposedly used to perform a meditation by yogis until they obtained spiritual perfection and magical power. On that account, the place was then named wangun sakti based on the blessing of Lord Shiva and it was also called Ratu Gede Sakti Pancering Jagat and Ratu Ayu Mas Maketel.


Long after the formation of the Island of Bali, he is also called the Ratu Krethaning Jagat. Besides, he is also called as the offspring of Hyang Purusadha having created the Island of Bali when Bali was ruled by the King Dalem Anom Sukaranti. He was a descendant of Shiva Raditya or Jayengrana. In his administration, everything he aspired could be achieved or his subjects could live prosperously and peacefully. Upon arriving on the Island of Bali, the King Dalem Anom Sukaranti established the Purusadha Temple a place of worship, named Raras Temple. It was then used as the abode of Lord Shiva Guru and the region was named Jong Karem.

Furthermore, it was said that during the administration of Anak Wungsu in the Caka Year 972 or 1050 AD, the region of Jong Karem faced a famine. Every commodity cultivated ended in harvest failure leading to misery of human beings as well as many residents left the village. At that moment, it was heard a magical voice essentially telling if the people should make a sanctum known as lingga or linggih. The cause of such condition was that people had no sanctum to worship the Lord Shiva Segara and Ratu Gede Sakti Pancering Jagat. On that account, it was then called the Wangun Sakti in the Caka Year 979 or 1057 AD.
The temple has a close historical connection to the Purusadha Temple at Kapal village. Spatially, the Dalem Bangun Sakti temple is divided into three spaces, namely the kanista mandala (outermost courtyard), madya mandala (middle courtyard) and uttama mandala (innermost courtyard). In general, the temples built in Bali have the uttama mandala at the northernmost position or mountain direction, or at least eastward or at the direction of sunrise from the temple site. However, the Dalem Bangun Sakti Temple has the uttama mandala in the southern part, while the madya mandala in the northern part.
In the area of kanista mandala, it has direct access to social facilities. Here, it was established two shrines as representation of the Batu Bolong Temple used to venerate Ratu Mas Mecaling and the shrine of Ratu Mas Lingsir located right under the banyan tree. The area of madya mandala is bordered with compound wall to distinguish the sacred area of the temple from profane area outside the temple. The shrines established in the madya mandala consist of the one to venerate Ida Ratu Gede Sakti Nguwub Jagat or Ratu Ngurah, whose location is facing the split gates. In this shrine, there are two statues of grouse on the left side and drooping wings, while on the bottom of the shrine follows a stone phallus whose end contains a cross sign.

In the east of the Ratu Ngurah Sakti shrine lie a Padmasari shrine as the abode of Ratu Ngurah Ketut, and complementary buildings such as sacred chamber used to store clothing paraphernalia of the shrines, umbrella, the abode of Ratu Gede, storage of Barong sanctified effigy and two resting pavilions. In the uttama mandala lie some prominent shrines resembling a lotus denoting the abode of Lord Shiva Segara and equipped with some other shrines such as the Ratu Mas Dalem Ped and Hyang Tumuwuh, padmasana as the abode of Lord Surya Raditya, three-tried meru shrine as the representation shrine of the Lord Gunung Agung or Lord Putra Jaya, motherland, pepelik pavilion as the abode of Lord Vishnu, taksu, piasan pavilion etc.
Supporting devotee of the Dalem Bangun Sakti Temple totally amounts to 172 households consisting of the Basang Tamiang hamlet, some residents of Cempaka customary hamlet, Uma hamlet, Celuk hamlet, Titih hamlet, Pemebetan hamlet, Peken Delodan hamlet and Peken Baleran hamlet. Piodalan or anniversary of the temple falls on Buda Wage Langkir or 14 days after Galungan. The temple has some uniqueness such as the archaeological relic in the form of Shiva Guru Statue and dangastra sword remaining to be stored so far in the chamber shrine. Besides, some supporting devotees also saw a striped snake coming out on certain days. The temple is a public sanctum used to venerate the Supreme God in his manifestation as Lord Shiva Segara. In terms of its function, the sanctum is a place to invoke welfare and safety of the people. (BTNkmb)

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